Although the Kheer Thar National Park declared as Protected Park, but the practice of poaching, hunting widespread, and also oine of the reason global warming decline the rare and endangered species of animals like Ibex, Urial and chinkara,or were found in Park. In addition, there were 17 types of animals which enlisted into the Red List of IUCN included Ibex, Urial, Chinkara, Penguin, Fox, Hyaena, Wild Cat, Black Mouse, Black Rabbit, Leopard & Black Cobra. When Kheer Thar declared as gazelle, (Gazella bennettii). Spread more then 30087 Square Kilometer there are only few unarmed persons appointed as guard in Kheer Thar National Park by Sindh Wild Life Department, the Sindh Wild Life Department issued the hunting licences only for Rs.25,000 thousand to influential persons, the guards of Sindh Wild Lift Department helpless in the face of armed guards of high-ranking persons.
According to the sources of Sindh Wild Life Department, the Ibex, Urial & Chinkara are at seriously threatened due to poaching & hunting. In 1980 the numbers of Ibex was 1200 which has now been reduced. The Sindh Wild Life Protection Ordinance issued on July 31st 1974, Kheer Thar National Park declared as a “ Protected Park.” According to this Ordinance the hunting & poaching is prohibited 5 Kilometers outside the Park Boundary.
When the survey was conducted in 2000, there were 277 species of mammals and 203 species of avian a National Park the numbers of Ibex remained only 400, while the aerial survey c
onducted in 2000, there was only 13000 Ibex and remain only 10000 Chinkara.
However, due to the poaching & hunting the numbers of these Red Listed animals decreased up to 60%. The Experts at Sindh Wild Life Department have seriously expressed the concern over the decreasing numbers of Chinkara deer. They also expressed the fatality of Ibex due to shortage of grass and water over the hills. The integrated strategy could not be prepared last for many years for the survival of these suffering endangered species of animals.
(By Syed Jamshed Bukhari, Environmental Correspondence)